Cédric Villani 의 정보

수상나이
출생년도 1973
출생지 France
현재소속 Institut Henri Poincaré
요약Cédric Villani is being awarded the 2010 Fields Medal for his proofs of nonlinear Landau damping and convergence to equilibrium for the Boltzmann equation.
One of the fundamental and initially very controversial theories of classical physics is Boltzmann’s kinetic theory of gases. Instead of tracking the individual motion of billions of individual atoms it studies the evolution of the probability that a particle occupies a certain position and has a certain velocity. The equilibrium probability distributions are well known for more than a hundred years, but to understand whether and how fast convergence to equilibrium occurs has been very difficult. Villani (in collaboration with Desvillettes) obtained the first result on the convergence rate for initial data not close to equilibrium. Later in joint work with his student Mouhot he rigorously established the so-called non-linear Landau damping for the kinetic equations of plasma physics, settling a long-standing debate. He has been one of the pioneers in the applications of optimal transport theory to geometric and functional inequalities. He wrote a very timely and accurate book on mass transport.
시상내역
+ Jacques Herbrand Prize of the French Academy of Science (2007)
+ Prize of the European Mathematical Society (2008)
+ Henri Poincaré Prize of the International Association for Mathematical Physics, and the Fermat Prize (2009)
연구실적 [자세히 보기]
연락처 Email: cvillani at umpa.ens-lyon.fr
Phone: (+33)1-4427-6418
Mailing address: Institut Henri Poincaré, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie 75230, Paris Cedex 05, FRANCE